Four Square and Other Questions

One afternoon during recess I noticed that the Four Square grid at our school had been enlarged. Naturally I yelled out to the kids, “Hey kids, when did they make this larger? I wonder what percent increase this is. What do you think?”


Taking a nanosecond pause from their game, they yelled out their estimates, anywhere from 50% to 95% increase. One kid said, “I love that you’re asking us a math question at recess time.”

I went back out to the playground during my prep with a couple of yardsticks to find the answer to the question I’d posed.

When my 6th graders came into class the next period, I told them what I’d wondered about during recess and wanted each one of them to give me an estimate of this percent increase. We walked back out to the Four Square, and I allowed them five minutes to do whatever they needed to get a good estimate.

4 pics

Once back into the classroom, I asked them to write down their estimate of the percent increase on a small slip of paper.

I then asked, “What exactly was I looking for? Percent increase in what? I really didn’t say and you didn’t ask me to specify either.”

We’ve been working A LOT with perimeter and area of rectangles, so most of them said that they’d thought I’d meant the percent increase in area. So I told them I did mean area but I was intentionally vague just to see if anyone would ask — and Four Square is so much about occupying the inside space.

This question prompted me to ask them more questions about increase in perimeter versus increase in area. I had them draw squares (or rectangles) on grid paper and explore the changes in area when the perimeter is doubled, tripled, or by some x factor. We remind ourselves that area is two-dimensional and why area units are always “squared.”

I asked them how they would figure out the percent increase in area. They told me I needed to measure the length and width of the old Square (black outlines), then do the same for the new one (white outlines).

They also agreed that I could just find the area of 1 square, then multiply this by 4 to get the whole thing. This suggestion prompted me to ask them, “Well, do I need to compare the area of the whole 4-square grid of new to old, or just the area of 1-square of new to old?”

So we just drew some squares to show that comparing the areas of just one square each: large to small is 2.25 to 1.0, this is a percent increase of 125%. And comparing the areas of each entire 4-square grid: large to small is 9 to 4, which also yields a 125% increase.

2 squares

This brief noticing and wondering yielded a fruitful discussion and it was something that was part of their environment, their playground. By the way, the answer is 118% increase in area for the Four Square. The closest written estimate was 115%.

Of course this launched us into a brainstorming session of questions that they have about their surroundings. Stuff that we can apply math to answer the questions.

I reminded them not to worry about answering the question. Just ask it.

Then I couldn’t stop them from sharing. (These 6th graders are away at Outdoor School, so I have to wait for them to return next week for us to try and answer some of these questions. They will also be jotting down more questions that may come up during the week.)

How much time does my brother waste in his room for a year?

How many gallons of water do we use if we take 5-minute showers a day? How much does this cost?

How much power is needed to charge all the devices in the house for a year?

I wonder how many pencil tips I break each year, and if added end-to-end, how long would this be?

What is the average amount of money each teacher at our school spends on supplies in a school year?

How many eggs does a chicken lay in United Kingdom?

How much pollution does the average car put into the air monthly?

How much time do the students in this class spend on YouTube in a month?

How much time do we spend on homework during the school year?

How much money does our school lose when students are absent?

How long does my hair grow in a month?

I always wondered how much bigger is the big basketball hoop compared to the small one.

How many pounds of food do kids waste in the cafeteria in a month?

How much gas does my mom burn while she is driving?

I wonder how much gasoline our 3 school buses use each year.

How many “perimeters” do we do in a year in PE?

How much money does Mrs. Nguyen spend on Oregon Ducks’ games?

And this one breaks my heart.

How long would it take to end poverty?

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  1. Elaine Watson
    Posted December 10, 2014 at 7:43 am | Permalink

    As always, you’re an inspiration. Thank you for sharing. It goes to show that there are always math problems waiting to be found that students can relate to and get excited about. All we have to do is keep an eye out for them. The students learned more about area, perimeter, % increase and % decrease than they would ever have learned by using a textbook. And this they will remember because it’s about their world.

  2. Posted January 8, 2015 at 8:35 am | Permalink

    Not as touching as the questions your kids asked, but I wonder about the original four square grid:
    – why was the size changed?
    – is it easier or harder to play on a larger grid?
    – does the change in difficulty of play happen proportionately with area or a different relationship?
    – have the balls been changed or left the same?

    Several decades since I last had a go in a 4 square game, so there might be other good questions an aficionado would suggest that haven’t occurred to me.

  3. Tina Cardone
    Posted January 18, 2016 at 6:55 am | Permalink

    Hello! This post was recommended for MTBoS 2015: a collection of people’s favorite blog posts of the year. We would like to publish an edited volume of the posts and use the money raised toward a scholarship for TMC. Please let us know by responding via email to whether or not you grant us permission to include your post. Thank you, Tina and Lani.

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